“Recycling of waste refers to the separation at source of recyclable materials from the general waste stream and the reuse of these materials. The objectives of recycling are to save resources as well as reduce the environmental impact of waste by reducing the amount of waste disposed at landfills. To meet these objectives, waste separation at source is proposed, as the quality of recyclable materials is higher when separated at source. In addition, recycling has the potential for job creation and is a viable alternative to informal salvaging at landfills, which is undesirable due to the problems of health and safety associated with salvaging” (National Waste Management Strategy, 1999)
Hazardous Waste :
According to the South African National Waste Management Strategy (DEAT, 1999), all provinces and municipalities are required to develop integrated waste management plans.
Provincial government are to develop and submit first generation hazardous waste management plans while local government will develop and submit first generation plans for integrated general waste management and prepare final integrated general waste management plans for submission.
Waste management plans for business and industry with on-site waste treatment facilities should be prepared by developers/owners and be submitted to provinces according to a mutually agreed time schedule.